Generation Brexit

Challenges

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During the Brexit vote both sides of the argument espoused empirically unsubstantiated claims. The Remain campaign warned of impending economic meltdown right after the vote to exit the EU – that did not happen. The Leave campaign notoriously promised that Brexit would enable the UK to restore the sovereignty of the Parliament. It now turns out that government minters will be able to amend repatriated EU legislation as they wish. Boris Johnson famously promised to ‘take control’ over the £350 million a week we ‘send to Brussels’ (UK’s contributions to the EU budget). We knew then that the net sum was actually around £156 million. We now know that the UK will end up paying into EU’s coffers long after it exits. Was the proliferation of these threats and promises a hallmark of a post-truth society? • What role did social media platforms play in proliferating these unsubstantiated claims? • Have people really had enough of experts, as Michael Gove had claimed? • Was #ProjectFear an example of misinformation or disinformation? Guide to the Brexit vote

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The EU referendum campaign was arguably a suspension of the normal proceedings of liberal democracy in the United Kingdom. Countless analyses have proclaimed the Brexit vote to be an expression of a majoritarian and anti-pluralist democratic process, hence a populist one. For others, the vote mobilised the highest percentage of votes in recent decades and was thus an undiluted expression of popular will. Furthermore, the vote can be seen to have given voice to the disenfranchised and the forgotten and as such may have restored the people’s trust in democracy. Can we thus classify the Brexit vote as a populist development? • Where the causes of the Brexit vote primarily economic, and/or political, and/or social? • What ideology stood behind the Leave campaign, how was its message delivered? • What precedent does the Brexit vote set for British liberal democracy and with what implications? Guide to the Brexit vote

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Wales follows a Brexit pattern visible across the UK. As a former coal mining community, the region suffered more than most from the de-industrialisation of the 1970s and 1980s. The rapid dismantlement of the coal industry, which had supported the region for decades was not offset with measures such as fiscal redistribution, re-education, or public investment. In a serviced-based economy, Wales has been unable to compete. The result has been unemployment, brain drain, and meagre growth. These factors coupled with a fear of immigrants underpin Wales’s Brexit vote. But what of the negotiations? • What are the main Welsh priorities? Should Wales be given more of a voice at the negotiating table? • How will the powers that be fill the financial hole left by Wales’s withdrawal from EU structural funding programmes? • Beyond Brexit, how can the Welsh economy be revitalised?   Storify

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The Brexit vote was an exercise in plebiscitary democracy; a direct appeal to the British people to state their voice on the UK’s continued membership to the European Union. However, the second most Googled question in the UK, after the vote took place on 23 June 2016 was 'What is the EU?' What does this tell us, if anything, about the how fit citizens are to ‘rule’ ? Long before the vote, studies have shown that much of the British public was ill-informed about the workings of the EU and the Referendum campaign did little to fill this gap in information. Contentious social issues were discussed at length, such as immigration, the NHS, and welfare, which arguably often had little to do with the UK’s membership in the EU. Both the Leave and the Remain campaigns were focused on portraying what life outside of the EU would look like, in practice having little to no ability to make such predictions. In light of the above, was turning to the wisdom of the people the right choice? What were the pros and cons of the Brexit referendum? Did the UK public know what they were voting for? Where they given the chance to be appropriately informed? Is the Brexit Vote legitimate? Should the UK public vote directly on such big issues from now on? Guide to the Brexit vote

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Following years of religion-fuelled conflict followed by painstaking periods of reconciliation, the Good Friday Agreement (1998) ended border controls between the UK and Ireland. Yet, Brexit has raised critical questions about the future relationship between the two countries, with the Northern Irish question beginning once more to simmer under the surface. Central to this is the issue of a UK-Ireland Hard Border, and how to avoid it. The maintenance of open borders with Ireland seems inconsistent with the primary aims of Brexit. Therein lies the conundrum. Political will exists to do a deal on both sides, keeping the border open. But what do the Irish and Northern Irish themselves think of this? • How should the border question be resolved? • If a hard border is instated, should Northern Ireland be able to hold a referendum on union with Ireland? Visual Guide

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Scotland’s membership in the EU first came up as an issue for us in the 2014 Independence Referendum, when we looked at it from the perspective of whether we could continue to be a member as a new, independent state. After we voted No to an Independent Scotland the issue was not discussed very much, until the 24th of June 2016 when we discovered that the UK had voted to Leave. Scotland voted to remain by 62% to 38% and all council areas backed Remain. Is Scotland being dragged out of the EU against it’s wishes, or should Scotland respect the outcome of the EU referendum as we have voted to be part of the UK. Should there be a second Independence Referendum? Do we trust that Westminster will continue to support areas, such as the Highlands and Islands that have benefitted from EU funding? Visual Guide

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While the UK voted narrowly to leave the EU in June 2016, stats demonstrate just how divided the vote was. By almost 60%-40%, Londoners of all ages backed Remain. The percentage of London Remainers among the youth was even higher - a colossal 76%. For a city that relies heavily on its financial and insurance services, transnationals, and thus a considerable degree of immigration from within the EU, Brexit is viewed as a major blow by many. Others, however small in number, see it as an opportunity. So, what of London in the Brexit negotiations? How can London endure as a premier global city after Brexit? How can London continue to attract the best talent from the EU? Should the UK pursue a separate arrangement between London and the EU? If so, what? Visual Guide

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Στις 23 Ιουνίου του 2016, ο Βρετανικός λαός ψήφισε να φύγει από την Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση. Η απόφαση αυτή θα έχει σημαντικές επιπτώσεις όσο για το Ηνωμένο Βασίλειο, τόσο και για την Ευρώπη. Το Brexit ενδέχεται να επηρεάσει και τις σχέσεις μεταξύ Ελλάδας και Ηνωμένου Βασιλείου.  Κατά την διάρκεια των 35 ετών κοινής Ευρωπαϊκής πορείας, η Ελλάδα και η Μεγάλη Βρετανία έχουν χτίσει σημαντικούς πολιτικούς, οικονομικούς, και πολιτισμικούς δεσμούς. Λόγω του Brexit όμως οι κανόνες αλλάζουν... Πώς το Brexit θα επηρεάσει τις σχέσεις μεταξύ των δύο χωρών; Ποιες θα είναι οι άμεσες πολιτικές συνέπειες για την Ελλάδα; Το Brexit ξυπνάει νέους φόβους για το Grexit;  Έλληνες φοιτητές στο Ηνωμένο Βασίλειο: Θα επηρεαστούν τα δίδακτρα; Έλληνες στην Αγγλία: Ποιοι θα δικαιούνται κάρτα διαμονής και πρόσβαση στην εργασία μετά το Brexit; Θέλουμε να ακούσουμε από σας.  Storify   Η πρωτοβουλία αυτή πραγματοποιήθηκε με την υποστήριξη του Hellenic Observatory του London School of Economics. Ευχαριστούμε θερμά τα άτομα που μας έχουν βοηθήσει να κτίσουμε αυτή την ενότητα.

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La France et le Royaume Uni, après une longue période de conflits militarisés, ont construit des relations fortes sur les plans économique, culturel et sécuritaire. Étant les deux géants militaire de l’Union Européenne, que va-t’il se passer? Quel est la priorité de la France pour ces negotiations? Le Brexit pourrait-il présenter une opportunité économique pour la France? Qu’adviendra t-il de la frontière à Calais? Et que faire de tous ces Français expatriés au Royaume Uni? La France prendra t-elle la tête du leadership Européen? Donnez nous votre avis sur la France et le Royaume Uni en partageant vos idées!

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España y Reino Unido han forjado en los últimos 35 años de membresía europea grandes relaciones políticas, comerciales y culturales. Pero ahora que van a cambiar las reglas del juego... ¿Cuál va a ser la relación entre los dos países? ¿El Brexit será bueno o malo para España? ¿Cuál será el futuro de Gibraltar? ¿Y de los españoles residentes en Reino Unido? ¿Qué rol debe jugar España en Europa tras el Brexit? !Participa y cuéntanos lo que opinas¡ Storify

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Il 23 giugno 2016, il popolo inglese ha espresso il proprio volere di uscire dall’Unione Europea, la cosiddetta Brexit. Con l’effettiva Brexit prevista per la fine del marzo 2019, le negoziazioni sui termini dell’uscita sono appena iniziate e tutto è ancora da definire. Tra gli argomenti più scottanti al tavolo delle trattative c’è la libertà di circolazione che consente ai lavoratori e studenti europei, di cui molti italiani, di vivere liberamente nel Regno Unito. Con la prospettiva della fine della libertà di circolazione, il futuro di molti italiani, di quelli che sono già in Gran Bretagna e di coloro che avevano intenzione di trasferirsi, è incerto. Quanto la Brexit ha influenzato le tue prospettive future di studio e lavoro? Che alternative potrebbero esserci alla libertà di circolazione? Per te la Brexit è un’opportunità o uno svantaggio? E per l'Italia..? Dicci la tua! Storify

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Am 23. Juni 2016 stimmte Großbritannien für den Austritt aus der Europäischen Union. Deutschland und das Vereinigte Königreich sind wirtschaftlich, politisch und kulturell eng verbunden. Wie wirkt sich der Brexit auf dieses Verhältnis aus? Was bedeutet Brexit für die zahlreichen deutschen Studierenden und Arbeitnehmer in Großbritannien? Werden die deutschen Exporte einbrechen? Was würde dies für die starke deutsche Automobilindustrie bedeuten? Oder ergeben sich gar neue Möglichkeiten? Wird Frankfurt als Finanzzentrum in Zukunft eine größere Rolle spielen? Wie wird sich das Kräfteverhältnis innerhalb der EU verändern? Erzähle uns was du über die Zukunft zwischen Deutschland und Großbritannien denkst, indem du hier deine Ideen postest. Storify

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Po roku 1989 Wielką Brytanię i Polskę zaczęły łączyć coraz silniejsze więzi społeczne i polityczne. Od 2004 roku wyspy brytyjskie doświadczyły bezprecedensowego napływu Polaków. Jaka będzie przyszłość ponadmilionowej społeczności polskiej, która dziś żyje i pracuje w Zjednoczonym Królestwie? Jaki będzie status języka polskiego, dziś drugiego najczęściej używanego w Wielkiej Brytanii? Jaki wpływ będzie miał Brexit na brytyjskie inwestycje w Polsce? Czy Brytyjczycy nadal chętnie będą odwiedzać Polskę podczas swoich urlopów? Czy polsko-brytyjska współpraca obronna ulegnie zmianie? Zamieścicie wasze pomysły na portalu i powiedzcie nam, co sądzicie o przyszłości Polski i Wielkiej Brytanii! Storify

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You’re out at a candlelit dinner. Wine is flowing, as is the conversation, and––did they just touch your leg under the table? Tinder finally pulled through for you! It’s only a short taxi ride to their place, so why not? The mood, the timing, everything feels right. Your hand in theirs, they fumble with their keys and open the door and—ugh. An EU flag? Not again. Brexit isn’t what you wanted them to be moaning about. We used to care about someone’s height, their cooking ability, and whether they prefer cats or dogs. Now Tinder is awash with shouts of ‘no Leavers!’. Has Brexit fundamentally changed the nature of our relationships with people — romantically or otherwise? Tell us your stories! -Have you ended friendships because someone opened up about open borders? -Could you swipe right for someone who also has eyes for Jean-Claude Juncker? -Has the Brexit vote affected your current relationship?

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Phase 2 of Generation Brexit will launch later in the Autumn of 2017. We will be guided by the progress of the ’real negotiations’, so an exact date is still TBC. Though divorce is a difficult process, it can also be immensely freeing if you are open to new ideas. The logical next step will be to start thinking about future relationships. For the UK and the EU, this is likely to be a complicated issue involving a wide range of issues (jobs, trade, migration, security, rights, and culture, to name only a few). Thinking about how the UK and the EU can build a new partnership while respecting their differences is our goal in this phase of the project. Stay tuned.

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The Brexit negotiations started on 19 June 2017 and will be going on till about October 2018. As of yet, however, there is little certainty on where we will end up. In the coming months, you will often hear about the meetings between the EU's chief negotiator Michel Barnier and the UK Brexit Secretary David Davis. Now's as good time as any to start thinking what the future relationship between the UK and the EU could look like.    Have Your Say What does Brexit mean to you? What should the aim of the negotiations be? What should any eventual deal look like? How should the future UK-EU relationship look like?

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When a country joins the EU, it agrees to respect EU law. The Court of Justice of the EU is like a referee: it makes sure all members respect EU rules. When a country leaves, who is the referee? Have your say Who should settle disputes relating to the EU/UK divorce? Who should settle disputes after the EU/UK divorce? National courts? European courts? A special court? Visual Guide

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Imagine getting divorced then living next door to your ex. Tough? Indeed. To live in harmony, certain boundaries will need to be decided. Can we stay friends, or would we be better off not seeing each other? Have your say What should happen at borders? How should people and goods move across UK-EU borders? Should border controls be put in place? Everywhere, or only in some places? Visual Guide

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